1625 Aberdeen - The Schoolmaster Golfer
The 'Granite City' has a golf tradition, which goes back much further than he foundation of its oldest club, Royal Aberdeen Golf Club in 1780. Golf was on the list of 'unlawful amusements' in the Aberdeen Council records in 1565, though this was probably the target version of golf, as in 1613 when John Allan, a bookbinder, with another John Allan, a cutler, was fined £3 on 13th April 1613 for "setting ane goiff ball in the kirk yeard and striking the same against the kirk".
More importantly, the earliest reference in Scotland to golf holes is believed to be here in 1625, when a local Aberdeen record discusses some military exercises 'in the principal parts of the links betwixt the first hole and the Quenis (sic) hole.'
A few years later, in 1636, David Wedderburn, Master of Aberdeen Grammar School, published his 'Vocabula'. This was a Latin Grammar, using exemplars of golf to help teach Latin to small boys. The Golf section was titled 'Baculus'. Baculus, -i (m) was a stick, walking stick or augural staff. This supports, as least as far as Wedderburn believed, the derivation of the term Golf as meaning 'club'. Other terms, however odd the Latin vocabulary used, indicate all the trappings of the modern golf game: bunkers, golf balls, teaze (sic), the grip, the uphill lie, a bunker club and 'Good shot!' Most important here is the Caddy's advice and reference to the golf hole.
Dirige recta versus foramen!
Aim straight for the hole!
Foramen, -inis, (n) is a hole, or opening produced by boring. All these terms must have been well known by this time to the small boys learning Latin. The two pieces of evidence together, makes it certain there were golf holes at Aberdeen by 1625. Given the significance of the golf hole a key element of the game, this makes Aberdeen the un-acknowledged historical home of links golf.
There was apparently one single golf ball maker in the town at this time, as, on 11th May 1642, Aberdeen town council granted a
licence and tolerance to John Dickson to use and exercise his trade of making gowff ballis within this burgh, in respect ther is not such ane tradisman in this burgh.
Play was initially on the Queen's Links and over the Broad Hill, recorded in 1661 as 'goffe' on the links between the Don and the Dee. The Queen's Links has now been redeveloped, but the Kings Links to the north is still used for golf, in front of Aberdeen Pittodrie football ground.
Playing golf over the area of the modern Kings Links began in 1872. Part of the Kings Links still plays over the northern end of the 18 hole course laid out in 1876 and shown on the 1888 city plan below.
More details of the course development is given in 1876 Aberdeen Links.
The Royal Aberdeen Golf Club played initially on these links before moving in 1888 to Balgownie, shown further north at the Bridge of Don.
The Aberdeen Ladies Golf Club briefly played in Kings College grounds in 1892, on their formation, before negotiating the creation of a 9-hole course at Balgownie in 1893 from RAGC at a capital cost of £100. It was rent free (for as long as RAGC did not need the land) and on condition that they provided their own clubhouse, which they extended and still have to this day.